Profile of Phek


Phek is situated in Nagaland. It is the least populated district in Nagaland. The headquarters of the Phek district is located in Phek.

Formation

The name of the place is derived from the word pkekrekedze which means watch tower. Phek was earlier a part of Kohima district. Phek was made a separate district in 1973. An important aspect of the district is that before the advent of Christianity, social recognition earned by a deed or by hosting of feast for the community by an individual was considered the highest lifetime achievement in the district.

Geography

The area of the Phek district is 2026 sq km. Phek district shares its borders with Myanmar to the east, Zunheboto and Tuensang districts to the north, the state of Manipur to the south and Kohima district to the west. The important rivers in the district are Tizu, Lanye, and Sedu.

Topography

Phek has evergreen sub tropical and temperate coniferous forests. The area is blessed with exquisite flora and fauna. The Geological Survey of Nagaland reports that there are one million tones of reserved limestone at Wazeho, decorative and dimensional stones, coal in Akhegwo, Yesi and molen, brine (locally backed salt), iron, copper, marble found here.


Climate

The weather of Phek remains temperate throughout the year. Summer and winter in Phek remains moderate being neither too hot nor too cold. Monsoon in Phek starts from the last week of May and lasts till September.

Demography

According to 2001 India census Phek district has a total population of 1, 46,483. For every 1000 males there are 926 females. The population density is 73 people per sq km. The average literacy rate of Phek district is 71.35 %.

Community

Chakhesangs and Pochurys are the main inhabitants of  Phek. The tribe Chakhesang is a combination of three sub tribes- cha from chokri, khe from khezha and sang from pochury. Three main linguistic groups dwelling in the district are Chokri, Khezha and Pochury. Nagamese and Tenyidie is the main medium of communication.

Culture

The culture of Phek reflects the indigenous tradition followed by the different tribes. Phek is a place rich in tribal culture. Different festivals are celebrated by the tribes round the year. The most important festivals celebrated are Sukrenye (Chakhesang) and Yemshe (Pochury).

The costume and the ornaments of the people of Phek have a distinct tribal feature. The folk songs and the dances of the tribals of the district make them different from the other tribes of Nagaland. The tribals are expertise craftsmen. The society is patrimonial. However, women enjoy distinctive position.


Festivals

The people of Chakhesang celebrate different festivals around the year. The important festivals celebrated by the tribals of Phek are:

Khuthonye: This festival is celebrated in July after the completion of the terraced field cultivation.
Turhinye: Held during August the festival is celebrated for preserving the crops from wild animals.
Thurinye: It is celebrated thanking the Gods for protecting their crops.
Sukrunye: It is celebrate to ensure health of the community.
Ngunye: In this festival the traditional games and sports are played.
Tukhanye: The festival marks the yearly routine of hard work cultivation.


Administration

There are 15 administrative centres governing the whole of Phek district. There are 5 blocks in the district namely Kikruma, Pfutsero, Sekruzu, Phek and Meluri.
The Deputy Commissioner is responsible for the maintenance of law and order.


Economy

Agriculture is the main mode of living of the people. Nearly 80.84 % of the population is engaged in agriculture. Terrace Rice Cultivation is predominant. People are also engaged in cottage and small scale industry, salt making and juice making.

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